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Analysis of Counter Violent Extremism (CVE) Strategies in South East Asia:
ASEAN’s Centrality on Regional Peace-building and Security


Nicky C. Cardenas




For the past decades, previous studies have focused on various hard and soft approaches and strategies to counter violent extremism. However, research studies on Association of South-East Asian Nations (ASEAN) youth’s attitudes toward counter violent extremism strategies in South East Asia have been rarely investigated. Thus, this study specifically investigated the reliability and validity of Filipino university college students’ attitudes toward counter violent extremism strategies and its implications on ASEAN’s Centrality to build regional peace and security. This study utilized a quantitative descriptive-factorial approach. It used purposive sampling technique and face validity of the study for the pre-testing of self-made questionnaire, a 10-item Likert Scale survey instrument based on Sara Zeiger’s (2016) study, “Counter-Narratives for Countering Violent Extremism (CVE) in South East Asia”. Results of the study for reliability analysis on the newly developed survey instrument revealed highly acceptable internal consistency. Results of analysis implied that Filipino university college students perceived that ASEAN should enforce leveraging opportunities to counter violent extremism among ASEAN youth by way of strengthening ICT-based promotions and counselling strategies through Facebook, Twitter, YouTube and other types of social media accounts and websites to prevent university students and teenagers in joining terrorist organizations like Al Qaeda and Daesh. Results for factorial analysis revealed three-fold determining factors to counter effectively violent terrorism among the ASEAN youth that would be alternative means as follows: 1) family-based counselling strategy, 2) school-based counselling strategy and 3) religion-based counter-narratives and communications strategies counter-narratives.



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