Mechanism of Policy Implementation of Counter Violent Extremism in Malaysia
Raja Muhammad Khairul Akhtar Raja Mohd Naguib
International Islamic University of Malaysia (IIUM)
Terrorism has continuously become a global issue and in which it has resulted in the death of innocent people around the world. Malaysia is not excluded from being affected by terrorism. Malaysia is listed as the country with the highest number of citizens recruited as a member of a terrorist group such as the Islamic State in Southeast Asia through the platform of social media such as Telegram. Malaysia also has been identified to be the hideout and ideological hub for terrorist groups such as ISIS, Daesh and LTTE. Therefore, this paper aims to look into the implementation of the Counter Violent Extremism (CVE) from a bureaucratic perspective. This paper adopts a top-down approach analysis which emphasizes the ability of the decision-maker to produce unambiguous policy objectives and control the implementation stage, as Malaysia has a highly centralized bureaucratic function. This paper identifies the flow of policy implementation of Counter Violent Extremism (CVE) in Malaysia through document analysis and interviews with policy-makers and experts. So, during the process of policy implementation, there are indicators identified at each phase of policy implementation.
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