Multiculturalism as a Driver in Preventing Radicalisation Process
Muthanna Bin Saari
This paper examines the relationship between the sentiment of disenfranchisement towards the radicalisation process among a certain group within society. Systematic social, economic, and political discrimination, most notably against the minority, is also argued to be the thriving factors in the radicalisation process. Multiculturalism is a concept that recognises the differences from various segments of society whilst at the same time asking these different groups to integrate into the existing structure. The notion of difference and diversity are pertinent in determining either the inclusion or exclusion of someone into the larger society. Therefore, this paper asks how the idea of the politics of recognition by Jürgen Habermas would be applicable in the framework of multiculturalism concept to prevent the radicalisation process. In particular, the outcome of what would multiculturalism brings will be assessed in the light of progressive recognition of different views and ideologies ensuring human rights for every human being. In doing so, this paper will (1) firstly, critically examines the view that cultural differences associated with political identity do not necessarily accommodate in building a coherent society; (2) secondly, considers the implications of multifarious elements for political recognition to the prevention of radicalisation process; (3) finally, explores the ways in which multiculturalism sustainably addresses the issue of integration and assimilation of the multicultural society.
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